September 8, 1853

Thursday 8th. Another hard drive over mountains and through timber again, found a good spring 4 miles from camp. Late afternoon brought us to some springs at the foot of the mountains where we camped. Drove 15 miles to-day.

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September 7, 1853

Wednesday 7th. This morning could not find all our cattle, concluded to lay by to-day, found them about 10 o’clock, after dinner drove about half a mile to better water and camped for the night.

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September 6, 1853

Tuesday 6th. Left camp early this morning for a hard days drive to Lees Encampment 21 miles over a rough road through heavy timber. This is the first drive through timber all day since we left the states. Reached Lees Encampment at dark, turned the cattle out in thickets again.

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September 5, 1853

Monday 5th. Started this morning up a long hill and down hill and over hills and a rough road to Grand Round River 12 miles camped here in a beautiful grove of pine and fir timber.

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September 4, 1853

Sunday 4th. Laid by till after dinner, then drove 8 miles and camped.

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September 3, 1853

Saturday 3rd. Have had a very hard drive today. We crossed the main ridge of the Blue Mountains, over a very rough road and a very cold one. When once on the top we can look down in the valley beneath and see again a level road for a few miles. At night we camped in “Grand Round” valley after a hard drive of 16 miles.

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September 2, 1853

Friday 2nd. A beautiful road to-day for 10 miles when we struck a ford of Powder River then crossed a rough point of bluff and down the valley and crossed the first fork, drove on to the last fork and camped. There are 3 forks about 2 miles apart. Came 15 miles today. Tonight some Nez Perces Indians came along with some potatoes, and peas which is a welcome vegetable to emigrants.

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September 1, 1853

Thursday Sept. 1st. Having obtained a good light wagon we started out again in a team of our own as we had joined teams with another man and threw our wagon away until we could get a lighter one. We had a very hard hill to climb this morning. In about one mile we struck a dry branch followed up it 4 miles, watered our stock and left it. From this it is 15 miles to water, the first part of the road very hilly. At night we reached the Powder River valley, a valley of fine grass. Here we once more had some fresh beef at 25¢ per pound. Drove 20 miles to-day.

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August 31, 1853

Wednesday 31st. After about 2 miles we left the river and struck across more to the right of a branch of Burnt River which we followed for about six miles to where we leave it and camped, some grass and plenty of water. Drove 10 miles.

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August 30, 1853

Tuesday 30th. Up the river or a branch of Burnt all day again winding our way through canyons and deep gorges, after about 12 miles we struck the main stream again and camped. Plenty of good grass and we were once more greeted with a fine shower which wet some of us pretty well.

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