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From the Thu., Nov. 03, 1864 issue


I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by Commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Virginia, October 21, 1864.
Hon. James A. Seddon:

As requested by your Department, we conferred with the Commissioners of North Carolina, and had the good fortune to adjust prices upon a basis calculated to harmonize the leading interests of both States. The just and enlightened views entertained by the North Carolina Commissioners were practically illustrated by the liberal spirit and wise terms upon which they agreed to co- operate with us.

In this revolutionary crisis, we should all agree to aid each other and the Government. To rescue the country and save the people from the dangers that environ both, is clearly the duty of all. Our honor, rights and independence are at stake. Let us bind all our energies to defend and secure them. To attain this invaluable end, the people must be fed and clothed. Our producers, manufacturers and tradesmen certainly can afford to work for moderato compensation while our gallant soldiers dare to confront our savage adversaries in their defence. Certainly, if our brave men throw their protecting arms around our family altars, and gallantly defend their country for a sum too insignificant to mention, those who remain at home, enjoying the benefit of their valor, can afford to clothe and feed them and their families on the most moderate terms.

The question should be, how little will you ask or take for your productions? Fidelity to all the best interests of our country points to the observance of this maxim as the best test of both our charity and patriotism. Let the watchword be, "Everything for our country, and away with money-making." In this final and desperate struggle for liberty, beware lest, in hoarding up money and neglecting the cause of the people, you exchange your birthright for a mess of pottage. Believing that our cause appeals to all parties and interests alike, we trust the people will unite and act in concert in achieving our independence. What we will to do, we can accomplish. United, we are invincible. Triumphant, what a glorious destiny opens to our view! Conquered, how abject and forlorn our condition! Who, under existing circumstances, is not willing to sacrifice a few paper dollars to gain the most enviable victory of civilization ever witnessed!

Entertaining the conviction that the popular mind is favorable to every effort calculated to advance the success of our cause, we venture to place before you the annexed Schedules of Prices for the months of October and November, which, though imperfect, because there are so many and such variant views and interests to harmonize, yet we indulge the hope, may be properly received by the people.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale; and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere, the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances, we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers, in future, should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture:


1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs$7.50
2Flour, goodFinePer barrel of 196 lbs33.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer barrel of 196 lbs37.50
Flour, goodExtra superfinePer barrel of 196 lbs39.75
Flour, goodFamilyPer barrel of 196 lbs42.00
3CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs5.00
4Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.20
5RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs5.00
6Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs4.00
7Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 17 lbs.75
8ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs1.05
9BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs1.35
10ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs2.10
11BaconGoodHog-roundPer pound2.75
12Pork—saltGoodPer pound2.30
13Pork—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound, net weight1.82
14LardGoodPer pound, net weight2.75
15Horses and mulesFirst-class artillery, &c., average price per head800.00
16WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound8.00
17WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound6.00
18PeasGoodPer bushel5.00
19BeansGoodPer bushel5.00
20PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel4.00
21PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel4.00
22OnionsGoodPer bushel8.00
23Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
24Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
25Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
26Hay, baledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
27Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdsgrassPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdsgrassPer 100 pounds3.00
29Sheaf oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds5.25
30Sheaf oats, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds4.75
31Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
32Blade fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
33Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.60
34Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
35Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
36Wheat straw, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
37PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
38PasturageSuperiorInteriorPer head per month4.00
39PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
40PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
41PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
42PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
43SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
44SoapGoodPer pound1.00
45CandlesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
46VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
47WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
48SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
49MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
50RiceGoodPer pound0.50
51CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
52TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
53VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon1.00
54Pig ironGoodNo. 1 qualityPer ton350.00
55Pig ironGoodNo. 2 qualityPer ton314.00
56Pig ironGoodNo. 3 qualityPer ton278.00
57Bloom ironGoodPer ton710.00
58Smith's ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1,030.00
59Railroad ironServiceablePer ton400.00
60LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
61LeatherGoodSolePer pound3.60
62LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
63Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
64Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds35.00
65Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds40.00
66Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
67SheepFairPer head35.00
68Army woolen cloth, ¾ yardGoodTen ounces per yardPer yard10.00
69Army woolen cloth, ¾ yardGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
70Army woolen cloth, 6-4 yardGoodTwenty ounces per yard.Per yard10.00
71Army woolen cloth, 6-4 yardGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
72Flannels, ¾GoodSix ounces per yardPer yard4.00
73Cotton shirting, ¾Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
74Cotton shirting, ⅞Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
75Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
76Cotton osnaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
77Cotton osnaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.98
78Cotton tent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
79On the above-enumerated cotton cloths, pro rata as to greater or less width or weight.
80Army shoesGoodPer pair15.00
81Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
82Wool socks for menGoodPer pair2.00
83Corn-top fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
84Corn-top fodder, unbaleGoodPer 100 pounds,1.50
85Wheatchaff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
86Wheatchaff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
87Sorghum molassesFirst qualityPer gallon8.00
88Pasturage for sheepInteriorPer head0.40
89Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head0.50
90Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateInteriorPer head0.60
91Apple brandyGoodPer gallon10.00
92Peach brandyGoodPer gallon10.00

In assessing the value of first-class artillery and wagon horses and mules at eight hundred dollars, we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common scenes import. In other words, that they should be selected and then impressed accordingly as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the Commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the Government needed at eight hundred dollars. But cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. —Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value, are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first-class wagon mules.

The term average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that, in impressing a number of horses, or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, some might be estimated at $600, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $1,000—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound and efficient horses or mules, $800 each.

In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, be classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to eighteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient and able to render good service for a year or two, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first- class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price; and as few, comparatively, come up to the standard, and are therefore entitled to the maximum price, so, of course, in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first-class, &c.

The first quality of Sorghum Molasses is the consistency of honey and free from all acidity to the taste. But second and interior qualities of molasses should be reduced in price from ten to twenty per cent., accordingly as they fall below the standard of first quality.


1.Baling long foragePer 100 pounds$0.90
2.Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by GovernmentPer 56 pounds0.05
3.HaulingPer cwt. per mile0.08
4.Hauling grainPer bushel per mile0.40
5.Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
6.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day5.00
7.Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day13.00
8.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day6.50
9.Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day8.00
11.Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day1.50
13.Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month50.00
14.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer month30.00
15.Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer month40.00
16.Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by the GovernmentPer year300.00
17.Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by the GovernmentPer year550.00
18.Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by the GovernmentPer year400.00
19.Hire of ox-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
20Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day5.00