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From the Mon., Aug. 08, 1864 issue


I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864. Hon. James A Seddon:

We were informed early in July that the demand for army supplies was so urgent that your Department felt constrained to disregard our schedule prices then in force, and offer market rates to the farmers for their wheat, if delivered in July. This policy was deemed indispensable to insure the EARLY receipt of supplies. Concurring with the War Department in the paramount importance of obtaining, at the earliest practicable period, an ample quantity of wheat for the support of the army, we apprehended, as so great a disparity existed between our former rates and the rates then offering in our lending cities, that unless we advanced prices our action might seriously embarrass the government in their efforts to obtain immediate supplies.

Under these circumstances, and owing to the very short crop of wheat and unprecedented demand for breadstuffs, together with the depreciation in the currency, as well as to the further fact that the farmers were then recurring the oat and hay crops, we proposed the advanced prices set forth to our July and August note later.

But now, as the immediate wants of the army are being provided for, and vigorous efforts are initiated to reduce the currency and reinstate public credit, we are disposed to accept the recent manifestations of public opinion to regard to our prices as the strong, at assurance that in future adequate supplies can be accrued on very moderate terms.

As the press, the public, and the farmers in part, have all united in condemning our rates as too high, we therefore to what seems to be the general desire and propose the following prices:

Having re-adopted the Schedules for May and June last, in accordance with the clearly- manifested wishes of the people, we have thought it advisable and proper to stimulate the sale and delivery of small grain &c, now so much needed as to be indispensable, by advancing the price of wheat, flour, corn and corn meal, oats and hay, delivered in the month of August:

Therefore we place the price of wheat at $7.50 per bushel, and a corresponding advance of 50 per cent on all the grades of flour, mill-off 1, &c; and corn we assess at $6 per bushel, and corn meal at $6.30 per bushel. Oats and hay, per hundred pounds unbilled, at $6 and at $7 per hundred pounds, baled east of the Blue Ridge, and delivered during the month of August.

Railroad Iron not being included in the Government contradict with the iron manufactories, should not have been advanced in our last Schedules. So we re-adopt our old valuation for railroad iron, and put the price at $90 per ton.

The foregoing are to be the prices of wheat, flour, mill-offal, corn and corn meal, oats, hay and railroad iron, delivered during the month of August.

In September we propose to adopt simply the former Schedules for May and June, with the exception of the assessment upon railroad iron, which we wish to continue at $190 per ton during the month of September.

We also re-adopt the revision of our February and March Schedule in reference to the impressment of horses, as published in our July Schedule.

We trust that the people in those counties who have recently, in public meetings expressed their views in favor of low prices will now, since all impediments have been removed, as patriotically load out in rendering and selling, both to the Government and to the people, all they can spare, at Schedule rates.

Such an example voluntarily act before the people would exert a most salutary influence. The public may be assured we will interpose no barrier to thwart either their benevolent intentions or generous contributions in behalf of their country.

Identified with them in all respects, we are disposed to foster every praiseworthy effort made in behalf of our common cause.

Richmond, Va, May 4, 1864. Hon James A Seddon:

In reviewing the schedules of prices for May and June we invited the co-operation and aid of Mr. Wm. B Harrison, and it is just to add that the schedules received the unanimous approval of the commissioners.

We respectfully offer the accompanying schedules, A and B with the understanding that the prices and to remain for the months of May and June, unless in the interval it should be deemed necessary to modify them.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale, and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers in future should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and to divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture.

1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs$5.00
2Flour, goodFinePer bbl, of 196 lbs22.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs25.00
Flour, goodEx-superfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs26.50
Flour, goodFamilyPer bbl, of 196 lbs28.00
3CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs4.00
4Unshelled cornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs3.95
5Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs4.20
6RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs3.20
7Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs2.50
8Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 17 lbs.50
9ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs.70
10BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs.90
11ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs1.40
12BaconGoodHog roundPer pound3.00
13Pork-saltGoodPer pound2.60
14"—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound net weight2.25
15LardGoodPer pound net weight3.00
16Hoses and mulesFirst class artillery &c, average price per head500.00
17WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound3.00
18WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound2.00
19PeasGoodPer bushel12.00
20BeansGoodPer bushel12.00
21PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel5.00
22PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel8.00
23OnionsGoodPer bushel5.00
24Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
25Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
26Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
27Hay, BaledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.90
29Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.00
30Sheat oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds4.40
31Sheat, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.50
32Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
33Blade, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
34Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.50
35Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
36Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
37Wheat, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
38PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
39PasturageSuperior.InteriorPer head per month4.00
40PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
41PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
42PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
43PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
44SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
45SoapGoodPer pound1.00
46CandiesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
47VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
48WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
49SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
50MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
51RiceGoodPer pound.20
52CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
53TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
54VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon.50
55Pig ironGoodNo 1 qualityper ton350.00
56Pig ironGoodNo 2 qualityPer ton314.00
57Pig ironGoodNo 3 qualityPer ton278.00
58Bloom ironGoodPer ton76.00
59Smiths' ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1030.00
60Railroad IronGoodPer ton190.00
61LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
62LeatherGoodSolePer pound3.60
63LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
64Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds20.00
65Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds25.00
66Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
67Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
68SheepFairPer head.30.00
69Ar'y woolen cloth, ½ ydGood10 ounces per yardPer yard5.00
70Ar'y woolen cloth, ½ ydGoodPro rate as to greater or lessWidth or weight
71Ar'y woolen 64Good20 ounces per yardPer yard10.00
72Ar'y woolen cloth, ½ ydGoodPro rate as to greater or lessWidth or weight
73Flannels, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard4.00
74Cotton shirting, ¾Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
75Cotton shirting ¾Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
76Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
77Cotton oznaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
78Cotton oznaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.93
79Cotton tent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
80On the above enumerated cotton cloths, pro rate as to the greater or less width or wight.
81Army shoesGoodPer pair25.00
82Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
83Wool socks for menGoodPer pair1.25
84Corntop fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
85Corntop fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
86Wheat chuff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
87Wheat chuff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
88Sorghum molassesGoodPer gallon20.00
89Pasturage for sheepGoodInteriorPer head.40
90Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head.50
91Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateInteriorPer head.60

In assessing the average value of first class artillery and wagon horses and mules at $500 we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected, and then impressed according as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the government needed at 2500; but cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or blood mares of admitted high value we impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have constructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound, and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first class wagon mules.

The terms average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, that some might be estimated at $300, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $700—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound, and efficient horses or mules 2500 each.

In Illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, he classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to thirteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient, or able to render good service for a year of so, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first-class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fail below the maximum price; and as few comparatively come up to the standard, and, therefore, are entitled to the maximum price, so of course in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first class, &c.



Labor.Quantity a time.Price.
1. Baling long forage.Per 100 pounds,$.20
2. Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by government.Per 56 pounds.05
3. HaulingPer cwt per mile,.08
4. Hauling grainPer bush per mile,.04
5. Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
6. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government.Per day,5.00
7. Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by owner.Per day,13.00
8. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government.Per day6.50
9. Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day8.00
11. Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day1.50
13. Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month,50.00
14. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer month,30.00
15. Hire of teamsters rations furnished by government.Per month,40.00
16. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by government.Per year,300.00
17. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by ownerPer year,550.00
18. Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by government.Per year430.00
19. Hire of ox-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
20. Hire of same, rations furnished by governmentPer day,5.00


Since the adoption of our Schedules for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was in a few days thereafter to be taxed thirty three and one-third per cent.

The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members being out of the State, it could not be convened in time to review our schedules of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined and re-arranged our tariff of prices, so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing in this mode to render any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore, we assess the average value of artillery or wagon horses or mules, impressed since the passage of the currency, bill of the 17th February last, at $600. This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation, accordingly as each horses or mule recently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third class artillery or wagon horse or mule whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing agents and officers should forthwith call on all of those persons of whom shay impressed horses or mules and propose a settlement upon the foregoing basis. But allowing to each person only such prices as first, second, and third class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement, $300, as a fair medium value on. This then, would allow a maximum price of $300 and a minimum price of $100, making $600 the average price—thus allowing more for first-class horses or mules, and proportionately less for the inferior, as they may fall below the grade of first-class. Payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.

The impressing officers in those instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraisements for horses or mules impressed, should in all such cases themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this re-valuation and settlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.

E W Hubard, Robt. Gibboney, Wm B Harrison,
Commissioners of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
By order, (Signed) S COOPER, Adjutant and Inspector General.
Official: H L Clay, Assistant Adjutant-General.
All appeals and communications for the Board of Commissioners should be addressed to D Saunders Chilton, Secretary of the Board Richmond, Va. au 5—1w