SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 180.—
I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:
—We were informed early in July that the demand for army supplies was so argent that your Department felt constrained to disregard our schedule prices then in force, and offer market rates to the farmers for their wheat, if delivered in July. This policy was deemed indispensable to insure the EARLY receipt of supplies. Concurring with the War. Department in the paramount importance of obtaining, at the earliest practicable period, an ample quantity of wheat for the support of the army, we apprehended, as so great a disparity existed between our former rates and the rates then offering in our leading cities, that unless we advanced prices our action might seriously embarrass the government in their efforts to obtain immediate supplies.
Under these circumstances, and owing to the very short, crop of wheat and unprecedented demand for breadstuffs, together with the depredation in the currency, as well as to the farther fact that the farmers were then securing the oat and hay crops, we proposed the advanced prices set forth in our July and August schedules.
But now, as the immediate wants of the army are being provided for, and vigorous efforts are initiated to reduce the currency and reinstate public credit, we are disposed to accept the recent manifestations of public opinion in regard to our prices as the strongest assurance that in future adequate supplies can be secured on very moderate terms.
As the press, the public, and the formers in part, have ALL united in condemning our rates as too high, we therefore DEFER to what seems to be the general desire and propose the following prices:
Having re-adopted the Schedules for May and June last, in accordance with the clearly manifested wishes of the people, we have thought it advisable and proper to stimulate the sale and delivery of small grain, &c, now so much needed as to be indispensable, by advancing the price of wheat, flour, corn and corn meal, oats and hay, delivered in the month of August:
Therefore we place the price of wheat at $7.50 per bushel, and a corresponding advance of 50 per cent on all the grades of flour, mill-off J, &c; and corn we assess at $6 per bushel, and corn meal at $6.30 per bushel. Oats and hay, per hundred pounds, unbaled, at $6, and at $7 per hundred pounds, baled cast of the Blue Ridge, and delivered during the month of August.
Railroad iron not being included in the Government contradts with the iron manufactories, should not have been advanced in our last Schedules. So we re-adopt our old valuation for railroad iron, and put the price at $90 per ton.
The foregoing are to be the prices of wheat, flour, mill-offal, corn and corn meal, oats, hay and railroad iron, delivered during the month of August.
In September we propose to adopt simply the former Schedules for May and June, with the exception of the assessment upon railroad iron, which we wish to continue at $190 per ton during the month of September.
We a so re-adopt the revision of our February and March Schedule in reference to the impressment of horses, as published in our July Schedule.
We trust that the people in those counties who have recently, in public meetings, expressed their views in favor of low prices will now, since all impediments have been removed, as patriotically lead out in tendering and selling, both to the Government and to the people, all they can spare, at Schedule rates.
Such an example voluntarily set before the people would exert a most sanitary influence. The public may be assured we will interpose no barrier to thwart either their benevolent intentions or generous contributions in behalf of their country.
Identified with them in all respects, we are disposed to foster every praiseworthy effort made in behalf of our common cause.
In reviewing the schedules of prices for May and June, we invited the co-operation and aid of Mr. Wm. B. Harrison, and it is just to add that the schedules received the unanimous approval of the commissioners.
We respectfully offer the accompanying schedules, A and B, with the understanding that the prices are to remain for the months of May and June, unless in the interval it should be deemed necessary to modify them.
The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale, and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere the same prices are to be paid.
Under existing circumstances we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers in future should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture.
|1||Wheat||Prime||White or red||Per bushel of 60 lbs||$5.00|
|2||Flour, good||Fine||Per bbl, of 196 lbs||22.00|
|Flour, good||Superfine||Per bbl, of 196 lbs||25.00|
|Flour, good||Ex superfine||Per bbl, of 196 lbs||26.50|
|Flour, good||Family||Per bbl, of 196 lbs||28.00|
|3||Corn||Prime||White or yellow||Per bushel of 56 lbs||4.00|
|4||Unshelled corn||Prime||White or yellow||Per bushel of 56 lbs||3.95|
|5||Corn meal||Good||Per bushel of 50 lbs||4.20|
|6||Rye||Prime||Per bushel of 56 lbs||3.20|
|7||Cleaned oats||Prime||Per bushel of 32 lbs||2.50|
|8||Wheat bran||Good||Per bushel of 17 lbs||50|
|9||Shorts||Good||Per bushel of 22 lbs||70|
|10||Brownstuff||Good||Per bushel of 28 lbs||90|
|11||Shipstuff||Good||Per bushel of 37 lbs||1.40|
|12||Bacon||Good||Hog round||Per pound||3.00|
|13||Fork—salt||Good||Hog round||Per pound||2.60|
|14||"—fresh, fat and good||Good||Hog round||Per pound net weight||2.25|
|15||Lard||Good||Per pound net weight||3.00|
|16||Horses and mules||First class or||tillery &c, average price||per head||500.00|
|17||Wool||Fair or merino||Washed||Per pound||3.00|
|18||Wool||Fair or merino||Unwashed||Per pound||2.00|
|24||Dried peaches||Good||Pealed||Per bushel||8.00|
|25||Dried peaches||Good||Unpeeled||Per bushel||4.50|
|26||Dried apples||Good||Pealed||Per bushel||5.00|
|27||Hay baled||Good||Timothy or clover||Per 100 pounds||3.90|
|28||Hay baled||Good||Orchard or herdegrars||Per 100 pounds||3.90|
|29||Hay, unbaled||Good||Orchard or herdegrass||Per 100 pounds||3.00|
|30||Sheat oats, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||4.40|
|31||Sheat oats, unbaled||Good||Per 100 pounds||3.50|
|32||Blade fodder, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||3.90|
|33||Blade fodder, unbaled||Good||Per 100 pounds||3.00|
|34||Shucks, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||2.50|
|35||Shucks, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||1.70|
|36||Wheat straw, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||2.20|
|37||Wheat straw, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||1.30|
|38||Pasturage||Good||Interior||Per head per month||3.00|
|39||Pasturage||Superior||Interior||Per head per month||4.00|
|40||Pasturage||First-rate||Interior||Per head per month||5.00|
|41||Pasturage||Good||Near cities||Per head per month||5.00|
|42||Pasturage||Superior||Near cities||Per head per month||6.00|
|43||Pasturage||First rate||Near cities||Per head per month||7.00|
|44||Salt||Good||Per bushel of 50 lbs||5.00|
|50||Molasses||Good||New Orleans||Per gallon||25.00|
|55||Pig iron||Good||No 1 quality||Per ton||350.00|
|56||Pig iron||Good||No 2 quality||per ton||314.00|
|57||Pig iron||Good||No 3 quality||per ton||278.00|
|58||Bloom iron||Good||per ton||715.00|
|59||Smiths' iron||Good||Round plate and bar||per ton||1030.00|
|60||Railroad iron||Good||per ton||190.00|
|64||Beef cattle||Good||Gross weight||Per 100 pounds||20.00|
|65||Beef cattle||Superior||Gross weight||Per 100 pounds||25.00|
|66||Beef cattle||Good||Gross weight||Per 100 pounds||30.00|
|67||Salt beef||Good||Net per pound||1.50|
|69||Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾yd||Good||10 ounces per yard||Per yard||5.00|
|70||Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾yd||Good||Pro rate as to greater or less||Width or weight|
|71||Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾yd||Good||20 ounces per yard||Per yard||10.00|
|72||Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾yd||Good||Pro rate as to greater or less||Width or weight|
|73||Flannels, ¾||Good||6 ounces per yard||Per yard||4.00|
|74||Cotton shirting ⅔||Good||4½ yards to the pound||Per yard||1.11|
|75||Cotton shirting ⅞||Good||3¼ yards to the pound||Per yard||1.35|
|76||Cotton sheetings, 4-4||Good||3 yards to the pound||Per yard||1.75|
|77||Cotton oznaburgs, ¾||Good||6 ounces per yard||Per yard||1.50|
|78||Cotton oznaburgs, ⅞||Good||8 ounces per yard||Per yard||1.93|
|79||Cotton tent cloths||Good||10 ounces to the yard||Per yard||2.53|
|80||On the above enumerated cotton cloths, pro rate as to the greater or less width or wight.|
|81||Army shoes||Good||Per pair||15.00|
|82||Shoe thread||Good||Per pound||3.00|
|83||Wool socks for men||Good||Per pair||1.25|
|84||Corntop fodder, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||2.40|
|85||Corntop fodder, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||1.50|
|86||Wheat chaff, baled||Good||Per 100 pounds||2.40|
|87||Wheat chaff, unbaled||Good||Per 100 pounds||1.50|
|88||Sorghum molasses||Good||Per gallon||20.00|
|89||Pasturage for sheep||Good||interior||Per head||40|
|90||Pasturage for sheep||Superior||interior||Per head||50|
|91||Pasturage for sheep||First-rate||interior||Per head||60|
In assessing the average value of first class artillery and wagon horses and mules at $500 we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected, and then impressed according as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the government needed at $500; but cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound, and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first class wagon mules.
The terms average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, that some might be estimated at $300, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $700—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound, and efficient horses or mules $500 each.
In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, be classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to thirteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however officiant, or able to render good service for a year or so, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price, and as few comparatively come up to the standard, and, therefore, are entitled to the maximum price; so of course in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first class, &c.
|Labor||Quantity a time||Price.|
|1. Baling long forage||Per 100 pounds,||$ 90|
|2. Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by government||Per 56 pounds,||05|
|3. Hauting||Per cwt per mile,||08|
|4. Hauting grain||Per bush per mile,||04|
|5. Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by owner||Per day,||10.00|
|6. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government||Per day||5.00|
|7. Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by owner||Per day||13.00|
|8. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government||Per day||6.50|
|9. Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by owner||Per day||16.00|
|10. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government||Per day||8.00|
|11. Hire of laborer, rations furnished by owner||Per day||2.50|
|12. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government||Per day||1.50|
|13. Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by owner||Per month,||50.00|
|14. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government||Per month,||30.00|
|15. Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by government||Per month,||40.00|
|16. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by government||Per year,||300.00|
|17. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by owner||Per year||550.00|
|18. Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by government||Per year||400.00|
|19. Hire of ex-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by owner||Per day||10.00|
|20. Hire of name, rations furnished by government||Per day||5.00|
REVISION OF THE SCHEDULES OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH LAST.
Since the adoption of our Schedules for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was in a few days thereinto to be taxed thirty-three and one-third per cent.
The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members being out of the State. It could not be convened in time to review our schedules of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined and re-arranged our tariff of prices, so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing in this mode to render any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore, we the average value of artillery or wagon horses or mules, impressed since the passage of the currency bill of the 17th February last, at $600. This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation, accordingly on each horse or mule recently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third class artillery or wagon horse or mule, whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing agents and officers should forthwith nail on all of those persons of whom they impressed horses or mules and propose a settlement upon the foregoing basis. But allowing to each person only such prices as first, second, and third class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement, $600, as a fair medium valuation. This, then, would allow a maximum price of $300 and a minimum price of $400, making $600 the average price—thus allowing more for first-class horses or mules, and proportionately less for the interior, as they may full below the grade of first-class. Payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.
The impressing officers in these instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraisements for horses or mules impressed, should in all such cases themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this re-valuation and settlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.E. W. Hubard, Robt Gibbonet, Wm. B. ,
Commissions of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
By order (Signed) S. COOPES, Adjutant and Inspector General.
General: H. L. Clay Assistant Adjutant-General
All appeals and communications for the Board of Commissioners should be addressed to D. Saunders Chilton, Secretary of the Board, Richmond, Va. au 5—1w