trade

Topic modeling identifies topics, and it also provides a proportional breakdown of the often multiple topics that each individual article or advertisement addressed. This chart shows the changing percentage of print space for this topic in the paper as a whole—for each month the topic proportions for "trade" in all articles containing that topic are added together and then divided by the total number of pieces published that month to calculate a percentage value.

You can also adjust the articles that the above chart takes into account. By default, articles and advertisements that have only a small proportion of their content in this category are included in the chart. Each individual article has a negligible effect, but small proportions in dozens or hundred of articles can add up. Use the controls below the chart to adjust the threshold of the articles charted. You can also choose to chart the summation of the topic proportion of all articles (which makes sense for a topic that's more of a theme) or you can choose to chart the raw count of all articles above your specified threshold (which might be preferable when looking at a topic that's more generic in nature). For the latter kind of chart, you'll likely want to adjust the threshold to something like 20% or 30%.

Adjust Chart

Predictive Words

HUNDRED COTTON YEAR DOLLARS MONEY THOUSAND COUNTRY AMOUNT LARGE SUPPLY MILLIONS MADE GOVERNMENT TWENTY TRADE TEN PRICE NUMBER LABOR HALF PAPER BUSINESS FIFTY STATE

This list of words are those that the topic model identifies as most likely to appear in documents in this category.

Exemplary Articles

article
80%
1
Friday, November 09, 1860

THE MANUFACTURES OF LOWELL.

—In Lowell, Mass., there are fifty-two mills with a total capital stock of $13,400,000; total number of 400,390 spindles; of looms 12,139, of females employed 8,771; of males employed 4,250.

article
76%
2
Wednesday, May 29, 1861

Education and War.

—During the last sixty years the Government of Great Britain has expended on war, and its establishments, three thousand million pounds, or $15,000,000,000—being more than two hundred and fifty millions dollars annually. During the same period they have expended six millions pounds, or thirty million . . . more

Education and War.

—During the last sixty years the Government of Great Britain has expended on war, and its establishments, three thousand million pounds, or $15,000,000,000—being more than two hundred and fifty millions dollars annually. During the same period they have expended six millions pounds, or thirty million dollars, for education, or an average of half a million of dollars a year.

article
75%
3
Tuesday, April 28, 1863

Relative Value of Paper and Gold.

—Many people have been tussled recently in the fluctuating price of gold to calculate the relative value of paper and gold.

The relations of the two are determined, not by difference, but by ratto. It is plain that where gold is worth 200 cents . . . more

Relative Value of Paper and Gold.

—Many people have been tussled recently in the fluctuating price of gold to calculate the relative value of paper and gold.

The relations of the two are determined, not by difference, but by ratto. It is plain that where gold is worth 200 cents in paper, the rate is as one to two; two of paper is equal to one of gold, and one of paper equals a half in gold, or fifty cents.—Similarly, if gold reach 400, paper is worth 25 cents; If it reach 1,000, paper will be worth 10 cents; and if the price of gold could ever touch 10,000, a paper dollar would be worth just 1 cent. In that once the value would be thus ascertained; As 10,000 is to 100, as 120 is to 1.

We have hence the rule—one which every schoolboy is familiar with, but which some financial writers seem to be blissfully ignorant of. As the price of gold in paper is to 100 cents. so is 100 cents to the value of one dollar in gold. To make the thing more plain, we append a table giving the value of the paper dollar for different prices of gold, which may serve for future reference:

  • If gold is worth 100, paper is worth 140
  • If gold is worth 120, paper is worth 93½
  • If gold is worth 140, paper is worth 71½
  • If gold is worth 160, paper is worth 62½
  • If gold is worth 170, paper is worth 58 14 17
  • If gold is worth 172½ paper is worth 58 1-6
  • If gold is worth 176, paper is worth 57 1 6
  • If gold is worth 186, paper is worth 56 5-9
  • If gold is worth 190, paper is worth 54½
  • If gold is worth 200, paper is worth 50
  • If gold is worth 400, paper is worth 15
  • If gold is worth 1,000, paper is worth 10
  • If gold is worth 10,000, paper is worth 1
article
71%
4
Saturday, December 08, 1860

Population of Pennsylvania.

—The census shows the total population of Pennsylvania to be 2,913,081, an increase since 1850 of 601,255 souls!

article
69%
5
Friday, August 05, 1864

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERALS OFFICE,
Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 180.—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and . . . more

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERALS OFFICE,
Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 180.—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864. Hon. James A. Seddon:
Sir:

—We were informed early in July that the demand for army supplies was so argent that your Department felt constrained to disregard our schedule prices then in force, and offer market rates to the farmers for their wheat, if delivered in July. This policy was deemed indispensable to insure the EARLY receipt of supplies. Concurring with the War. Department in the paramount importance of obtaining, at the earliest practicable period, an ample quantity of wheat for the support of the army, we apprehended, as so great a disparity existed between our former rates and the rates then offering in our leading cities, that unless we advanced prices our action might seriously embarrass the government in their efforts to obtain immediate supplies.

Under these circumstances, and owing to the very short, crop of wheat and unprecedented demand for breadstuffs, together with the depredation in the currency, as well as to the farther fact that the farmers were then securing the oat and hay crops, we proposed the advanced prices set forth in our July and August schedules.

But now, as the immediate wants of the army are being provided for, and vigorous efforts are initiated to reduce the currency and reinstate public credit, we are disposed to accept the recent manifestations of public opinion in regard to our prices as the strongest assurance that in future adequate supplies can be secured on very moderate terms.

As the press, the public, and the formers in part, have ALL united in condemning our rates as too high, we therefore DEFER to what seems to be the general desire and propose the following prices:

Having re-adopted the Schedules for May and June last, in accordance with the clearly manifested wishes of the people, we have thought it advisable and proper to stimulate the sale and delivery of small grain, &c, now so much needed as to be indispensable, by advancing the price of wheat, flour, corn and corn meal, oats and hay, delivered in the month of August:

Therefore we place the price of wheat at $7.50 per bushel, and a corresponding advance of 50 per cent on all the grades of flour, mill-off J, &c; and corn we assess at $6 per bushel, and corn meal at $6.30 per bushel. Oats and hay, per hundred pounds, unbaled, at $6, and at $7 per hundred pounds, baled cast of the Blue Ridge, and delivered during the month of August.

Railroad iron not being included in the Government contradts with the iron manufactories, should not have been advanced in our last Schedules. So we re-adopt our old valuation for railroad iron, and put the price at $90 per ton.

The foregoing are to be the prices of wheat, flour, mill-offal, corn and corn meal, oats, hay and railroad iron, delivered during the month of August.

In September we propose to adopt simply the former Schedules for May and June, with the exception of the assessment upon railroad iron, which we wish to continue at $190 per ton during the month of September.

We a so re-adopt the revision of our February and March Schedule in reference to the impressment of horses, as published in our July Schedule.

We trust that the people in those counties who have recently, in public meetings, expressed their views in favor of low prices will now, since all impediments have been removed, as patriotically lead out in tendering and selling, both to the Government and to the people, all they can spare, at Schedule rates.

Such an example voluntarily set before the people would exert a most sanitary influence. The public may be assured we will interpose no barrier to thwart either their benevolent intentions or generous contributions in behalf of their country.

Identified with them in all respects, we are disposed to foster every praiseworthy effort made in behalf of our common cause.

Richmond, Va, May 4, 1864. Hon. James A. Seddon:
Sir:

In reviewing the schedules of prices for May and June, we invited the co-operation and aid of Mr. Wm. B. Harrison, and it is just to add that the schedules received the unanimous approval of the commissioners.

We respectfully offer the accompanying schedules, A and B, with the understanding that the prices are to remain for the months of May and June, unless in the interval it should be deemed necessary to modify them.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale, and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers in future should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture.

No.Articles.QualityDescriptionQuantity.Price.
1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs$5.00
2Flour, goodFinePer bbl, of 196 lbs22.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs25.00
Flour, goodEx superfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs26.50
Flour, goodFamilyPer bbl, of 196 lbs28.00
3CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs4.00
4Unshelled cornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs3.95
5Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs4.20
6RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs3.20
7Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs2.50
8Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 17 lbs50
9ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs70
10BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs90
11ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs1.40
12BaconGoodHog roundPer pound3.00
13Fork—saltGoodHog roundPer pound2.60
14"—fresh, fat and goodGoodHog roundPer pound net weight2.25
15LardGoodPer pound net weight3.00
16Horses and mulesFirst class ortillery &c, average priceper head500.00
17WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound3.00
18WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound2.00
19PessGoodPer bushel12.00
20BeansGoodPer bushel12.00
21PotatoesGoodfreshPer bushel5.00
22PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel8.00
23OnionsGoodPer bushel5.00
24Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
25Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
26Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
27Hay baledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay baledGoodOrchard or herdegrarsPer 100 pounds3.90
29Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.00
30Sheat oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds4.40
31Sheat oats, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.50
32Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
33Blade fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
34Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.50
35Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
36Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
37Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
38PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
39PasturageSuperiorInteriorPer head per month4.00
40PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
41PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
42PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
43PasturageFirst rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
44SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
45SoapGoodPer pound1.00
46CandiesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
47VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
48WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
49SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
50MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
51RiceGoodPer pound20
52CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
53TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
54VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon50
55Pig ironGoodNo 1 qualityPer ton350.00
56Pig ironGoodNo 2 qualityper ton314.00
57Pig ironGoodNo 3 qualityper ton278.00
58Bloom ironGoodper ton715.00
59Smiths' ironGoodRound plate and barper ton1030.00
60Railroad ironGoodper ton190.00
61LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
62LeatherGoodSalePer pound3.60
63LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
64Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds20.00
65Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds25.00
66Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
67Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
68SheepFairPer head30.00
69Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾ydGood10 ounces per yardPer yard5.00
70Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾ydGoodPro rate as to greater or lessWidth or weight
71Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾ydGood20 ounces per yardPer yard10.00
72Ar'y woolen cloth, ¾ydGoodPro rate as to greater or lessWidth or weight
73Flannels, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard4.00
74Cotton shirting ⅔Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
75Cotton shirting ⅞Good3¼ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
76Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
77Cotton oznaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
78Cotton oznaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.93
79Cotton tent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
80On the above enumerated cotton cloths, pro rate as to the greater or less width or wight.
81Army shoesGoodPer pair15.00
82Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
83Wool socks for menGoodPer pair1.25
84Corntop fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
85Corntop fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
86Wheat chaff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
87Wheat chaff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
88Sorghum molassesGoodPer gallon20.00
89Pasturage for sheepGoodinteriorPer head40
90Pasturage for sheepSuperiorinteriorPer head50
91Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateinteriorPer head60

In assessing the average value of first class artillery and wagon horses and mules at $500 we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected, and then impressed according as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the government needed at $500; but cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound, and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first class wagon mules.

The terms average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, that some might be estimated at $300, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $700—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound, and efficient horses or mules $500 each.

In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, be classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to thirteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however officiant, or able to render good service for a year or so, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price, and as few comparatively come up to the standard, and, therefore, are entitled to the maximum price; so of course in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first class, &c.

SCHEDULE B.

HIRE OF LABOR, TEAMS, WAGONS AND DRIVERS.

LaborQuantity a timePrice.
1. Baling long foragePer 100 pounds,$ 90
2. Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by governmentPer 56 pounds,05
3. HautingPer cwt per mile,08
4. Hauting grainPer bush per mile,04
5. Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
6. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day5.00
7. Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day13.00
8. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day6.50
9. Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day8.00
11. Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day1.50
13. Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month,50.00
14. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer month,30.00
15. Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by governmentPer month,40.00
16. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by governmentPer year,300.00
17. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by ownerPer year550.00
18. Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by governmentPer year400.00
19. Hire of ex-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
20. Hire of name, rations furnished by governmentPer day5.00

REVISION OF THE SCHEDULES OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH LAST.

Since the adoption of our Schedules for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was in a few days thereinto to be taxed thirty-three and one-third per cent.

The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members being out of the State. It could not be convened in time to review our schedules of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined and re-arranged our tariff of prices, so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing in this mode to render any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore, we the average value of artillery or wagon horses or mules, impressed since the passage of the currency bill of the 17th February last, at $600. This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation, accordingly on each horse or mule recently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third class artillery or wagon horse or mule, whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing agents and officers should forthwith nail on all of those persons of whom they impressed horses or mules and propose a settlement upon the foregoing basis. But allowing to each person only such prices as first, second, and third class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement, $600, as a fair medium valuation. This, then, would allow a maximum price of $300 and a minimum price of $400, making $600 the average price—thus allowing more for first-class horses or mules, and proportionately less for the interior, as they may full below the grade of first-class. Payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.

The impressing officers in these instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraisements for horses or mules impressed, should in all such cases themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this re-valuation and settlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.

E. W. Hubard, Robt Gibbonet, Wm. B. ,
Commissions of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
By order (Signed) S. COOPES, Adjutant and Inspector General.
General: H. L. Clay Assistant Adjutant-General
All appeals and communications for the Board of Commissioners should be addressed to D. Saunders Chilton, Secretary of the Board, Richmond, Va. au 5—1w
article
68%
6
Thursday, November 03, 1864

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Virginia, October 24, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 252.

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by Commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and agents . . . more

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Virginia, October 24, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 252.

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by Commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Virginia, October 21, 1864.
Hon. James A. Seddon:
Sir:

As requested by your Department, we conferred with the Commissioners of North Carolina, and had the good fortune to adjust prices upon a basis calculated to harmonize the leading interests of both States. The just and enlightened views entertained by the North Carolina Commissioners were practically illustrated by the liberal spirit and wise terms upon which they agreed to co- operate with us.

In this revolutionary crisis, we should all agree to aid each other and the Government. To rescue the country and save the people from the dangers that environ both, is clearly the duty of all. Our honor, rights and independence are at stake. Let us bind all our energies to defend and secure them. To attain this invaluable end, the people must be fed and clothed. Our producers, manufacturers and tradesmen certainly can afford to work for moderato compensation while our gallant soldiers dare to confront our savage adversaries in their defence. Certainly, if our brave men throw their protecting arms around our family altars, and gallantly defend their country for a sum too insignificant to mention, those who remain at home, enjoying the benefit of their valor, can afford to clothe and feed them and their families on the most moderate terms.

The question should be, how little will you ask or take for your productions? Fidelity to all the best interests of our country points to the observance of this maxim as the best test of both our charity and patriotism. Let the watchword be, "Everything for our country, and away with money-making." In this final and desperate struggle for liberty, beware lest, in hoarding up money and neglecting the cause of the people, you exchange your birthright for a mess of pottage. Believing that our cause appeals to all parties and interests alike, we trust the people will unite and act in concert in achieving our independence. What we will to do, we can accomplish. United, we are invincible. Triumphant, what a glorious destiny opens to our view! Conquered, how abject and forlorn our condition! Who, under existing circumstances, is not willing to sacrifice a few paper dollars to gain the most enviable victory of civilization ever witnessed!

Entertaining the conviction that the popular mind is favorable to every effort calculated to advance the success of our cause, we venture to place before you the annexed Schedules of Prices for the months of October and November, which, though imperfect, because there are so many and such variant views and interests to harmonize, yet we indulge the hope, may be properly received by the people.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale; and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere, the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances, we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers, in future, should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture:

SCHEDULE A.

No.Articles.Quality.Description.Quantity.Price.
1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs$7.50
2Flour, goodFinePer barrel of 196 lbs33.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer barrel of 196 lbs37.50
Flour, goodExtra superfinePer barrel of 196 lbs39.75
Flour, goodFamilyPer barrel of 196 lbs42.00
3CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs5.00
4Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.20
5RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs5.00
6Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs4.00
7Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 17 lbs.75
8ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs1.05
9BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs1.35
10ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs2.10
11BaconGoodHog-roundPer pound2.75
12Pork—saltGoodPer pound2.30
13Pork—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound, net weight1.82
14LardGoodPer pound, net weight2.75
15Horses and mulesFirst-class artillery, &c., average price per head800.00
16WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound8.00
17WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound6.00
18PeasGoodPer bushel5.00
19BeansGoodPer bushel5.00
20PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel4.00
21PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel4.00
22OnionsGoodPer bushel8.00
23Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
24Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
25Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
26Hay, baledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
27Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdsgrassPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdsgrassPer 100 pounds3.00
29Sheaf oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds5.25
30Sheaf oats, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds4.75
31Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
32Blade fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
33Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.60
34Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
35Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
36Wheat straw, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
37PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
38PasturageSuperiorInteriorPer head per month4.00
39PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
40PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
41PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
42PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
43SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
44SoapGoodPer pound1.00
45CandlesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
46VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
47WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
48SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
49MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
50RiceGoodPer pound0.50
51CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
52TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
53VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon1.00
54Pig ironGoodNo. 1 qualityPer ton350.00
55Pig ironGoodNo. 2 qualityPer ton314.00
56Pig ironGoodNo. 3 qualityPer ton278.00
57Bloom ironGoodPer ton710.00
58Smith's ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1,030.00
59Railroad ironServiceablePer ton400.00
60LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
61LeatherGoodSolePer pound3.60
62LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
63Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
64Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds35.00
65Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds40.00
66Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
67SheepFairPer head35.00
68Army woolen cloth, ¾ yardGoodTen ounces per yardPer yard10.00
69Army woolen cloth, ¾ yardGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
70Army woolen cloth, 6-4 yardGoodTwenty ounces per yard.Per yard10.00
71Army woolen cloth, 6-4 yardGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
72Flannels, ¾GoodSix ounces per yardPer yard4.00
73Cotton shirting, ¾Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
74Cotton shirting, ⅞Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
75Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
76Cotton osnaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
77Cotton osnaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.98
78Cotton tent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
79On the above-enumerated cotton cloths, pro rata as to greater or less width or weight.
80Army shoesGoodPer pair15.00
81Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
82Wool socks for menGoodPer pair2.00
83Corn-top fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
84Corn-top fodder, unbaleGoodPer 100 pounds,1.50
85Wheatchaff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
86Wheatchaff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
87Sorghum molassesFirst qualityPer gallon8.00
88Pasturage for sheepInteriorPer head0.40
89Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head0.50
90Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateInteriorPer head0.60
91Apple brandyGoodPer gallon10.00
92Peach brandyGoodPer gallon10.00

In assessing the value of first-class artillery and wagon horses and mules at eight hundred dollars, we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common scenes import. In other words, that they should be selected and then impressed accordingly as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the Commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the Government needed at eight hundred dollars. But cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. —Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value, are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first-class wagon mules.

The term average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that, in impressing a number of horses, or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, some might be estimated at $600, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $1,000—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound and efficient horses or mules, $800 each.

In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, be classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to eighteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient and able to render good service for a year or two, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first- class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price; and as few, comparatively, come up to the standard, and are therefore entitled to the maximum price, so, of course, in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first-class, &c.

The first quality of Sorghum Molasses is the consistency of honey and free from all acidity to the taste. But second and interior qualities of molasses should be reduced in price from ten to twenty per cent., accordingly as they fall below the standard of first quality.

SCHEDULE B.
HIRE OF LABOR, TEAMS, WAGONS AND DRIVERS.

No.LABOR.QUAN'TY AND TIME.PRICE.
1.Baling long foragePer 100 pounds$0.90
2.Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by GovernmentPer 56 pounds0.05
3.HaulingPer cwt. per mile0.08
4.Hauling grainPer bushel per mile0.40
5.Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
6.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day5.00
7.Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day13.00
8.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day6.50
9.Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day8.00
11.Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day1.50
13.Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month50.00
14.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer month30.00
15.Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer month40.00
16.Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by the GovernmentPer year300.00
17.Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by the GovernmentPer year550.00
18.Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by the GovernmentPer year400.00
19.Hire of ox-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
20Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day5.00

article
67%
7
Wednesday, August 10, 1864

SPECIAL ORDERS, No 180.—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announces for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Va, . . . more

SPECIAL ORDERS, No 180.—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announces for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864, Hon. James A. Addon:
Sir,.

—We were informed early in July that the demand for army supplies was so urgent that your Department felt constrained to disregard our schedule prices then in force, and offer market rates to the formers for their wheat, if delivered in July. The policy was deemed indispensable to insure the Early receipt of supplies. Concurring with the War. Department in the paramount importance of obtaining, at the earliest practicable period, an ample quantity of wheat for the support of the army, we apprehended, as so great a disparity elated between our former rates and the rates then offering in our leading cities, that unless we advanced prices our action might seriously embarrass the government in their efforts to obtain immediate supplies.

Under these circumstances, and owing to the very short crop of wheat and unprecedented demand for broad stuffs, together with the depredation in the currency, as well as to the further fact that the farmers were then securing the oat and hay crepe, we proposed the advanced prices set forth in our July and August schedules.

But now, as the immediate wants of the army are being provided for, and vigorous efforts are initiated to reduce the currency and relastate public credit, we are disposed to accept the recent manifestations of public opinion in regard to our prices as the strongest assurance that in future adequate supplies can be secured on very moderate terms.

As the press, the public, and the farmers in part, have all united in condemning our rates as too high, we therefore DEFER to what seems to be the general desire and prepaid the following prices:

Having re-adopted the Schedules for May and June last, in accordance with the clearly- manifested wishes of the people, we have thought it advisable and proper to stimulate the sale and delivery of small grain &c, now so much needed as to be indispensable, by advancing the price of wheat, flour, corn and corn meal, oats and hay, delivered in the month of August:

Therefore we place the price of wheat at $7.50 per bushel, and a corresponding advance of 50 percents all the grades of flour, mill-offal, &c; and corn we assess at $6 per bushel, and corn meal at $6.30 per bushel. Oats and hay, per hundred pounds unbaled, at $6, and at $7 per hundred pounds, baled east of the Blue Ridge, and delivered during the month of August.

Railroad iron not being included in the Government contradts with the iron manufactories, should not have been advanced in our last Schedules. So we re-adopt our old valuation for railroad iron, and put the price at $ 90 per ton.

The foregoing are to be the prices of wheat, flour, mill-offal, corn and corn meal, oats, hay and railroad iron, delivered during the month of August.

In September we propose to adopt simply the former Schedules for May and June, with the exception of the assessment upon railroad iron, which we wish to continue at $120 per ton during the month of September.

We also re-adopt the revision of our February and March Schedule in reference to the impressment of horses, as published in our July Schedule.

We trust that the people in those counties who have recently; in public meetings, expressed their views in favor of low prices will now, since all impediments have been removed, as patriotically load out in tendering and selling, both to the Government and to the people, all they can spare, at Schedule rates.

Such an example voluntarily act before the people would exert a most salutary influence. The public may be assured we will interpose no barrier to thwart either their benevolent intentions or generous contributions in behalf of their country.

Identified with them in all respects, we are disposed to foster every praiseworthy effort made in behalf of our common cause.

Richmond, Va, May 4, 1864. Hon James A. Seddon:
Sir:

In reviewing the schedules of prices for May and June, we invited the co-operation and aid of Mr. Wm. B. Harrison, and it is just to add that the schedules received the unanimous approval of the commissioners.

We respectfully offer the accompanying schedules, A and B. with the understanding that the prices are to remain for the months of May and June, unless in the interval it should be deemed necessary to modify them.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale, and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers in future should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture.

No.Articles.Quality.DescriptionQuantity.Price.
1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushed of 60 lbs$5.00
2Flour, goodFinePer bbl, of 196 lbs22.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs25.00
Flour, goodEx-superfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs26.50
Flour, goodFamilyPer bbl, of 196 lbs28.00
3CornPrime.White or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs4.00
4Unshelled cornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs3.95
5Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs4.20
6RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs3.20
7Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs2.50
8Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs50
9ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs70
10BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs90
11shipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs1.40
12BaconGoodHog roundPer pound3.00
13Pork—saltGoodPer pound2.60
14"—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound net weight2.25
15LardGoodPer pound net weight3.00
16Horses and mulesFirst class artillery &c, average price per head500.00
17WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound3.00
18WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound2.00
19PossGoodPer bushel12.00
20BeansGoodPer bushel12.00
21PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel5.00
22PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel8.00
23OnionsGoodPer bushel5.00
24Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
25Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
26Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
27Hay, baledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.90
29Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.00
30Sheat oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds4.40
31Sheat oats, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.50
32Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
33Blade fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
34Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.50
35Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
36Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
37Wheat straw, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
38PasturageGoodinteriorPer head per month3.00
39PasturageSuperiorInteriorPer head per month4.00
40PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
41PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
42PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
43PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
44SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 ths5.00
45SoapGoodPer pound1.00
46CandiesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
47VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
48WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon2.00
49SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
50MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
51RiceGoodPer pound20
52CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
53TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
54VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon50
55Pig ironGoodNo 1 qualityPer ton350.00
56Pig ironGoodNo 2 qualityPer ton314.00
57Pig ironGoodNo 3 qualityPer ton278.00
58Bloom ironGoodPer ton716.00
59Smiths' ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1030.00
60Railroad ironGoodPer ton190.00
61LeacherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
62LeacherGoodSolePer pound3.60
63LeacherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
64Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds20.00
65Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds25.00
66Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
67Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
68SheepFairPer head30.00
69Ar'y woolen cloth; ½ycGood10 ounces per yardPer yard5.00
70Ar'y woolen cloth;½ycGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
71Ar'y woolen cloth;6 4Good20 ounces per yardPer yard10
72Ar'y woolen cloth; 6 4GoodPro-rate as to greater or less
73Flannels, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard4.00
74Cotton shirting, Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
75Cotton shirting, ⅞Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
76Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
77Cotton oznaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
78Cotton oznaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.93
79Cotton tent ClothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
80On the above enumerated cotton cloths, pro rata as to the greater or less width or wight
81Army shoesGoodPer pair15.00
82Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
83Wool socks for menGoodPer pair1.25
84Corntop fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
85Corntop fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
86Wheat chaff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
87Wheat chaff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
88Sorghum molassesGoodPer gallon20.00
89Pasturage for sheepGoodInteriorPer head40.
90Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head50
91Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateinteriorPer head60

In assessing the average value of first-class artillery and wagon horses and mules at $500 we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected, and then impressed according as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the government needed at $500; but cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. Yet. under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound, and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first class wagon mules.

The terms average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mules. we supposed that in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, that some might be estimated at $300, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $700—thus making an-average value or price for a number of good, sound, and efficient horses or mules $500 each.

In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, he classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to thirteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient, or able to render good service for a year or so, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price; and as few comparatively come up to the standard, and, therefore, are entitled to the maximum price, so of course in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first class, &c.

SCHEDULE B.

HIRE OF LABOR, TEAMS, WAGONS AND DRIVERS.

LaborQuantity a time.Price,
1. Baling tong foragePer 100 pounds,$90
2. Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by governmentPer 56 pounds,05
3. HaulingPer cwt per mile,08
4. Hauling gratePer bush per mile,04
5. Hire of two-horse team wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
6. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day5.00
7. Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
8. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day6.50
9. Hire of six horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government.Per day8.00
11. Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day1.50
13. Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month,50.00
14. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer month,30.00
15. Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by governmentPer month,40.90
16. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by governmentPer year,300.00
17. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by governmentPer year,550.00
18. Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by governmentPer year400.00
19. Hire of ox carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
20. Hire of same, rations furnished by governmentPer day5.00

REVISION OF THE SCHEDULES OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH LAST.

Since the adoption of our Schedules for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was in a few days thereafter to be taxed thirty three and one- third per cent.

The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members being out of the State, it could not be convened in time to review our schedules of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined re-arranged our tariff of prices, so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing in this mode to render any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore, we stress the average value of artillery or wagon horses or mules, imperiled since the passage of the currency, bill of the 17th February last, at $600. This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation, accordingly as each herro or mule recently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third close artillery or wagon horse or mule, whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing agents and officers should forth-with call on all of those persons of whom they impressed horses or mule and propose a settlement upon the foregoing basis. But allowing to each person only such prices as first, second, and third class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement, $600, as a fair medium valuation. This, then, would allow a maximum price of $800 and a minimum price of $400, making $600 the average price—thus allowing more for first-class horses or mules, and proportionately less for the inferior, as they may fail below the grade of first-class. Payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.

The impressing officers in those instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraised his for horses or mules impressed, should in all such cases themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this re-valuation and tlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.

E. W. Hebard, Robt Gibboney, Wm. B. Harrison,
Commissioners of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
By order (Signed) S COOPER, adjutant and inspector-General.
Official: H. L Clay, Assistant Adjutant-General.
All appeals and communications for the Board of Commissioners should be addressed to D. Senaders Chilton, Secretary of the Board Richmond, Va., au 5—1w
article
67%
8
Monday, August 08, 1864

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE
Richmond, Va. August 1, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 160—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents . . . more

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE
Richmond, Va. August 1, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 160—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are for the information of all concerned, and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864. Hon. James A Seddon:
Sir,

We were informed early in July that the demand for army supplies was so urgent that your Department felt constrained to disregard our schedule prices then in force, and offer market rates to the farmers for their wheat, if delivered in July. This policy was deemed indispensable to insure the EARLY receipt of supplies. Concurring with the War Department in the paramount importance of obtaining, at the earliest practicable period, an ample quantity of wheat for the support of the army, we apprehended, as so great a disparity existed between our former rates and the rates then offering in our lending cities, that unless we advanced prices our action might seriously embarrass the government in their efforts to obtain immediate supplies.

Under these circumstances, and owing to the very short crop of wheat and unprecedented demand for breadstuffs, together with the depreciation in the currency, as well as to the further fact that the farmers were then recurring the oat and hay crops, we proposed the advanced prices set forth to our July and August note later.

But now, as the immediate wants of the army are being provided for, and vigorous efforts are initiated to reduce the currency and reinstate public credit, we are disposed to accept the recent manifestations of public opinion to regard to our prices as the strong, at assurance that in future adequate supplies can be accrued on very moderate terms.

As the press, the public, and the farmers in part, have all united in condemning our rates as too high, we therefore to what seems to be the general desire and propose the following prices:

Having re-adopted the Schedules for May and June last, in accordance with the clearly- manifested wishes of the people, we have thought it advisable and proper to stimulate the sale and delivery of small grain &c, now so much needed as to be indispensable, by advancing the price of wheat, flour, corn and corn meal, oats and hay, delivered in the month of August:

Therefore we place the price of wheat at $7.50 per bushel, and a corresponding advance of 50 per cent on all the grades of flour, mill-off 1, &c; and corn we assess at $6 per bushel, and corn meal at $6.30 per bushel. Oats and hay, per hundred pounds unbilled, at $6 and at $7 per hundred pounds, baled east of the Blue Ridge, and delivered during the month of August.

Railroad Iron not being included in the Government contradict with the iron manufactories, should not have been advanced in our last Schedules. So we re-adopt our old valuation for railroad iron, and put the price at $90 per ton.

The foregoing are to be the prices of wheat, flour, mill-offal, corn and corn meal, oats, hay and railroad iron, delivered during the month of August.

In September we propose to adopt simply the former Schedules for May and June, with the exception of the assessment upon railroad iron, which we wish to continue at $190 per ton during the month of September.

We also re-adopt the revision of our February and March Schedule in reference to the impressment of horses, as published in our July Schedule.

We trust that the people in those counties who have recently, in public meetings expressed their views in favor of low prices will now, since all impediments have been removed, as patriotically load out in rendering and selling, both to the Government and to the people, all they can spare, at Schedule rates.

Such an example voluntarily act before the people would exert a most salutary influence. The public may be assured we will interpose no barrier to thwart either their benevolent intentions or generous contributions in behalf of their country.

Identified with them in all respects, we are disposed to foster every praiseworthy effort made in behalf of our common cause.

Richmond, Va, May 4, 1864. Hon James A Seddon:
Sir:

In reviewing the schedules of prices for May and June we invited the co-operation and aid of Mr. Wm. B Harrison, and it is just to add that the schedules received the unanimous approval of the commissioners.

We respectfully offer the accompanying schedules, A and B with the understanding that the prices and to remain for the months of May and June, unless in the interval it should be deemed necessary to modify them.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale, and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers in future should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and to divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture.

No.Articles.QualityDescriptionQuantityPrice.
1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs$5.00
2Flour, goodFinePer bbl, of 196 lbs22.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs25.00
Flour, goodEx-superfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs26.50
Flour, goodFamilyPer bbl, of 196 lbs28.00
3CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs4.00
4Unshelled cornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs3.95
5Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs4.20
6RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs3.20
7Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs2.50
8Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 17 lbs.50
9ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs.70
10BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs.90
11ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs1.40
12BaconGoodHog roundPer pound3.00
13Pork-saltGoodPer pound2.60
14"—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound net weight2.25
15LardGoodPer pound net weight3.00
16Hoses and mulesFirst class artillery &c, average price per head500.00
17WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound3.00
18WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound2.00
19PeasGoodPer bushel12.00
20BeansGoodPer bushel12.00
21PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel5.00
22PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel8.00
23OnionsGoodPer bushel5.00
24Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
25Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
26Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
27Hay, BaledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.90
29Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.00
30Sheat oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds4.40
31Sheat, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.50
32Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
33Blade, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
34Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.50
35Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
36Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
37Wheat, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
38PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
39PasturageSuperior.InteriorPer head per month4.00
40PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
41PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
42PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
43PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
44SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
45SoapGoodPer pound1.00
46CandiesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
47VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
48WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
49SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
50MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
51RiceGoodPer pound.20
52CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
53TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
54VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon.50
55Pig ironGoodNo 1 qualityper ton350.00
56Pig ironGoodNo 2 qualityPer ton314.00
57Pig ironGoodNo 3 qualityPer ton278.00
58Bloom ironGoodPer ton76.00
59Smiths' ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1030.00
60Railroad IronGoodPer ton190.00
61LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
62LeatherGoodSolePer pound3.60
63LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
64Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds20.00
65Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds25.00
66Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
67Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
68SheepFairPer head.30.00
69Ar'y woolen cloth, ½ ydGood10 ounces per yardPer yard5.00
70Ar'y woolen cloth, ½ ydGoodPro rate as to greater or lessWidth or weight
71Ar'y woolen 64Good20 ounces per yardPer yard10.00
72Ar'y woolen cloth, ½ ydGoodPro rate as to greater or lessWidth or weight
73Flannels, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard4.00
74Cotton shirting, ¾Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
75Cotton shirting ¾Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
76Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
77Cotton oznaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
78Cotton oznaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.93
79Cotton tent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
80On the above enumerated cotton cloths, pro rate as to the greater or less width or wight.
81Army shoesGoodPer pair25.00
82Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
83Wool socks for menGoodPer pair1.25
84Corntop fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
85Corntop fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
86Wheat chuff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
87Wheat chuff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
88Sorghum molassesGoodPer gallon20.00
89Pasturage for sheepGoodInteriorPer head.40
90Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head.50
91Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateInteriorPer head.60

In assessing the average value of first class artillery and wagon horses and mules at $500 we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected, and then impressed according as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the government needed at 2500; but cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or blood mares of admitted high value we impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have constructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound, and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first class wagon mules.

The terms average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, that some might be estimated at $300, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $700—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound, and efficient horses or mules 2500 each.

In Illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, he classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to thirteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient, or able to render good service for a year of so, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first-class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fail below the maximum price; and as few comparatively come up to the standard, and, therefore, are entitled to the maximum price, so of course in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first class, &c.

SCHEDULE B.

HIRE OF LABOR, TEAMS, WAGONS AND DRIVERS.

Labor.Quantity a time.Price.
1. Baling long forage.Per 100 pounds,$.20
2. Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by government.Per 56 pounds.05
3. HaulingPer cwt per mile,.08
4. Hauling grainPer bush per mile,.04
5. Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
6. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government.Per day,5.00
7. Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by owner.Per day,13.00
8. Hire of same, rations furnished by the government.Per day6.50
9. Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day8.00
11. Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day1.50
13. Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month,50.00
14. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer month,30.00
15. Hire of teamsters rations furnished by government.Per month,40.00
16. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by government.Per year,300.00
17. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by ownerPer year,550.00
18. Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by government.Per year430.00
19. Hire of ox-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
20. Hire of same, rations furnished by governmentPer day,5.00

REVISION OF THE SCHEDULES OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH LAST.

Since the adoption of our Schedules for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was in a few days thereafter to be taxed thirty three and one-third per cent.

The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members being out of the State, it could not be convened in time to review our schedules of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined and re-arranged our tariff of prices, so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing in this mode to render any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore, we assess the average value of artillery or wagon horses or mules, impressed since the passage of the currency, bill of the 17th February last, at $600. This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation, accordingly as each horses or mule recently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third class artillery or wagon horse or mule whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing agents and officers should forthwith call on all of those persons of whom shay impressed horses or mules and propose a settlement upon the foregoing basis. But allowing to each person only such prices as first, second, and third class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement, $300, as a fair medium value on. This then, would allow a maximum price of $300 and a minimum price of $100, making $600 the average price—thus allowing more for first-class horses or mules, and proportionately less for the inferior, as they may fall below the grade of first-class. Payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.

The impressing officers in those instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraisements for horses or mules impressed, should in all such cases themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this re-valuation and settlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.

E W Hubard, Robt. Gibboney, Wm B Harrison,
Commissioners of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
By order, (Signed) S COOPER, Adjutant and Inspector General.
Official: H L Clay, Assistant Adjutant-General.
All appeals and communications for the Board of Commissioners should be addressed to D Saunders Chilton, Secretary of the Board Richmond, Va. au 5—1w
article
66%
9
Thursday, August 11, 1864

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No 180.—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and . . . more

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No 180.—

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Va, August 1, 1864. Hon. James A. Seddon:
Sir,

—We were informed early in July that the demand for army supplies was so urgent that your Department felt constrained to disregard our schedule prices then in force, and offer market rates to the farmers for their wheat, if delivered in July. This policy was deemed indispensable to insure the EARLY receipt of supplies. Concurring with the War Department in the paramount importance of obtaining, at the earliest practicable period, an ample quantity of wheat for the support of the army, we apprehended, as so great a disparity existed between our former rates and the rates then offering in our leading cities, that unless we advanced prices our action might seriously embarrass the government in their efforts to obtain immediate supplies.

Under these circumstances, and owing to the very short crop of wheat and unprecedented demand for breadstuffs, together with the depreciation in the currency, as well as to the further fact that the farmers were then securing the oat and hay crops, we proposed the advanced prices set forth in our July and August schedules.

But now, as the immediate wants of the army are being provided for, and vigorous efforts are initiated to reduce the currency and reinstate public credit, we are disposed to accept the recent manifestations of public opinion in regard to our prices as the strongest assurance that in future adequate supplies can be secured on very moderate terms.

As the press, the public, and the farmers in part, have ALL united in condemning our rates as too high, we therefore DEFER to what seems to be the general desire and propose the following prices:

Having re-adopted the Schedules for May and June last, in accordance with the clearly- manifested wishes of the people, we have thought it advisable and proper to stimulate the sale and delivery of small grain &c, now so much needed as to be indispensable, by advancing the price of wheat, flour, corn and corn meal, oats and hay, delivered in the month of August:

Therefore we place the price of wheat at $7.50 per bushel, and a corresponding advance of 50 per cent on all the grades of flour, mill-offal, &c; and corn we assess at $6 per bushel, and corn meal at $6.30 per bushel. Oats and hay, per hundred pounds unbaled, at $6, and at $7 per hundred pounds, baled east of the Blue Ridge, and delivered during the month of August.

Railroad iron not being included in the Government contradts with the iron manufactories, should not have been advanced in our last Schedules. So we re-adopt our old valuation for railroad iron, and put the price at $90 per ton.

The foregoing are to be the prices of wheat, flour, mill-offal, corn and corn meal, oats, bay and railroad iron, delivered during the month of August.

In September we propose to adopt simply the former Schedules for May and June, with the exception of the assessment upon railroad iron, which we wish to continue at $190 per ton during the month of September.

We also re-adopt the revision of our February and March Schedule in reference to the impressment of horses, as published in our July Schedule.

We trust that the people in those counties who have recently, in public meetings, expressed their views in favor of low prices will now, since all impediments have been removed, as patriotically lead out in tendering and selling, both to the Government and to the people, all they can spare, at Schedule rates.

Such an example voluntarily set before the people would exert a most salutary influence. The public may be assured we will interpose no barrier to thwart either their benevolent intentions or generous contributions in behalf of their country.

Identified with them in all respects, we are disposed to foster every praiseworthy effort made in behalf of our common cause.

Richmond, Va, May 4, 1864. Hon. James A. Seddon:
Sir:

In reviewing the schedules of prices for May and June, we invited the co-operation and aid of Mr. Wm. B. Harrison, and it is just to add that the schedules received the unanimous approval of the commissioners.

We respectfully offer the accompanying schedules, A and B, with the understanding that the prices are to remain for the months of May and June, unless in the interval it should be deemed necessary to modify them.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale, and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers in future should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture.

No.Articles.QualityDescription.Quantity.Price.
1WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs$5.00
2Flour, goodFinePer bbl, of 196 lbs22.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs25.00
Flour, goodEx-superfinePer bbl, of 196 lbs26.50
Flour, goodFamilyPer bbl, of 196 lbs28.00
3CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs4.00
4Unshelled cornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs3.95
5Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs4.20
6RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs3.20
7Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs2.50
8Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs0.50
9ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs0.70
10BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs0.90
11ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs1.40
12BaconGoodHog roundPer pound3.00
13Pork—saltGoodPer pound2.60
14Pork—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound net weight2.25
15LardGoodPer pound net weight3.00
16Horses and mulesFirst class artillery &c, average price per head500.00
17WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound3.00
18WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound2.00
19PeasGoodPer bushel12.00
20BeansGoodPer bushel12.00
21PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel5.00
22PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel8.00
23OnionsGoodPer bushel5.00
24Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
25Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
26Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
27Hay, baledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
28Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.90
29Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdegrassPer 100 pounds3.00
30Sheat oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds4.40
31Sheat oats, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.50
32Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
33Blade fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
34Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.50
35Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
36Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
37Wheat straw, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
38PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
39PasturageSuperiorInteriorPer head per month4.00
40PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
41PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
42PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
43PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
44SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
45SoapGoodPer pound1.00
46CandlesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
47VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
48WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
49SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
50MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
51RiceGoodPer pound0.20
52CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
53TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
54VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon0.50
55Pig ironGoodNo 1 qualityPer ton350.00
56Pig ironGoodNo 2 qualityPer ton314.00
57Pig ironGoodNo 3 qualityPer ton278.00
58Bloom ironGoodPer ton716.00
59Smiths' ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1030.00
60Railroad ironGoodPer ton190.00
61LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
62LeatherGoodSolePer pound3.60
63LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
64Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds20.00
65Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds25.00
66Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
67Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
68SheepFairPer head30.00
69Ar'y woolen cloth, ¼ ydGood10 ounces per yardPer yard5.00
70Ar'y woolen cloth, ¼ ydGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
71Ar'y woolen cloth, 6.4Good20 ounces per yardPer yard10.00
72Ar'y woolen cloth, ¼ ydGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
73Flanncle, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard4.00
74Cotton shirting, ⅔Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
75Cotton shirting, ⅞Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
76Cotton sheetings, 4.4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
77Cotton oznaburgs, ¼Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
78Cotton oznaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.93
79Cotton tent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
80On the above enumerated cotton cloths, pro rata as to the greater or less width or w'ght.
81Army shoesGoodPer pair15.00
82Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
83Wool socks for menGoodPer pair1.25
84Corntop fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
85Corntop fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
86Wheat chaff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
87Wheat chaff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
88Sorghum molassesGoodPer gallon20.00
89Pasturage for sheepGoodInteriorPer head0.40
90Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head0.50
91Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateInteriorPer head0.60

In assessing the average value of first class artillery and wagon horses and mules at $500 we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected, and then impressed according as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the government needed at $500; but cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound, and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first class wagon mules.

The terms average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, that some might be estimated at $300, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $700—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound, and efficient horses or mules $500 each.

In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, be classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to thirteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient, or able to render good service for a year or so, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horses, however he may approximate the standard of a first class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price; and as few comparatively come up to the standard, and, therefore, are entitled to the maximum price, so of course in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first class, &c.

SCHEDULE B.
HIRE OF LABOR, TEAMS, WAGONS AND DRIVERS.

Labor.Quantity a time.Price.
1. Baling long foragePer 100 pounds,$0.90
2. Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by governmentPer 56 pounds,0.05
3. HaulingPer per mile,0.08
4. Hauling grainPer bush per mile,0.04
5. Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
6. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day,5.00
7. Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,13.00
8. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day,6.50
9. Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,16.00
10. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day,8.00
11. Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day,2.50
12. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer day,1.50
13. Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month,50.00
14. Hire of same, rations furnished by the governmentPer month,30.00
15. Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by governmentPer month,40.90
16. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by governmentPer year,300.00
17. Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by ownerPer year,550.00
18. Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by governmentPer year,400.00
19. Hire of ex-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day,10.00
20. Hire of same, rations furnished by governmentPer day,5.00

REVISION OF THE SCHEDULES OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH LAST.

Since the adoption of our schedules for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was in a few days thereafter to be taxed thirty-three and one- third per cent.

The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members being out of the State, it could not be convened in time to review our schedules of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined and re-arranged our tariff of prices, so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing in this mode to render any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore, we assure the average value of artillery for wagon horses or mules, impressed since the passage of the currency bill of the 17th February last, at $600. This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation, accordingly as each horses or mule presently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third class artillery or wagon horse or mule, whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing agents and officers should forth with call on all of these persons of whom they impressed horses or mules and propose a settlement upon the foregoing basis. But allowing to each person only such prices as first, second, and third class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement, $600, as a fair medium valuation. This, then, would allow a maximum price of $800 and a minimum price of $400, making $600 the average price—thus allowing more for first class horses or mules, and proportionately less for the inferior, as they may fall below the grade of first-class. Payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.

The impressing officers in those instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraisements for homes or mules impressed, should in all such cases themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this re- valuation and settlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.

E. W. Hubard, Robt. Gisbony, Wm. B. Harrison,
Commissioners of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
By order (Signed) S. COOPER, Adjutant and Inspector-General.
Official: H. L. Clay, Assistant Adjutant-General.
All appeals and communications for the Board of Commissioners should be addressed to D. Sounders Chilton, Secretary of the Board Richmond, Va. au 5—1w
article
66%
10
Saturday, October 29, 1864

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Virginia, October 24, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 252.

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by Commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and agents . . . more

ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Virginia, October 24, 1864.

SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 252.

I. The following schedules of prices for articles named therein, adopted by Commissioners appointed pursuant to law for the State of Virginia, are announced for the information of all concerned; and the special attention of officers and agents of the Government is directed thereto:

Richmond, Virginia, October 21, 1864.
Hon. James A. Sedden:
Sir:

As requested by your Department, we conferred with the Commissioners of North Carolina, and had the good fortune to adjust prices upon a basis calculated to harmonize the leading interests of both States. The just and enlightened views entertained by the North Carolina Commissioners were practically illustrated by the liberal spirit and wise terms upon which they agreed to co- operate with us.

In this revolutionary crisis, we should all agree to aid each other and the Government. To rescue the country and save the people from the dangers that environ both, is clearly the duty of all. Our honor, rights and independence are at stake. Let us bind all our energies to defend and secure them. To attain this invaluable end, the people must be fed and clothed. Our producers, manufacturers and tradesmen certainly can afford to work for moderate compensation while our gallant soldiers dare to confront our savage adversaries in their defence. Certainly, if our brave men throw their protecting arms around our family altars, and gallantly defend their country for a sum too insignificant to mention, those who remain at home, enjoying the benefit of their val afford to clothe and feed them and their families on the most moderate terms.

The question should be, how little will on ask or take for your productions? Fidelity to all the best interests of our country points to the observance of this maxim as the best test of both our charity and patriotism. Let the watchword be, "Everything for our country, and away with money-making." In this final and desperate struggle for liberty, beware lest, in hoarding up money and neglecting the cause of the people, you exchange your birthright for a mess of pottage. Believing that our cause appeals to all parties and interest alike, we trust the people will unite and act in concert in achieving our independence. What we will to do, we can accomplish. United, we are invincible. Triumphant, what a glorious destiny opens to our view! Conquered, how abject and forlorn our condition! Who, under existing circumstances, is not willing to sacrifice a few paper dollars to gain the most enviable victory of civilization ever witnessed.

Entertaining the conviction that the popular mind is favorable to every effort calculated to advance the success of our cause, we venture to place before you the annexed Schedules of Prices for the months of October and November, which, though imperfect, because there are so many and such variant views and interests to harmonize, yet we indulge the hope, may be properly received by the people.

The following prices are to be the maximum rates to be paid for the articles impressed in all cities and usual places of sale; and when impressed on the farms or elsewhere, the same prices are to be paid.

Under existing circumstances, we have deemed it not only just, but most likely to favor increased production, that producers, in future, should not be required to transport their surplus productions when impressed, but that the agents of the Government should employ or impress the neighborhood or county wagons and teams to haul all such articles, and so divide the work between the owners of wagons and teams as to be least prejudicial to those successfully engaged in agriculture:

SCHEDULE A.

No.Articles.Quality.Description.Quantity.Price.
1.WheatPrimeWhite or redPer bushel of 60 lbs.$7.50
2.Flour, goodFinePer barrel of 196 lbs.33.00
Flour, goodSuperfinePer barrel of 196 lbs.37.50
Flour, goodExtra superfinePer barrel of 196 lbs39.75
Flour, goodFamilyPer barrel of 196 lbs42.00
3.CornPrimeWhite or yellowPer bushel of 56 lbs5.00
4.Corn mealGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.20
5.RyePrimePer bushel of 56 lbs5.00
6.Cleaned oatsPrimePer bushel of 32 lbs4.00
7.Wheat branGoodPer bushel of 17 lbs75
8.ShortsGoodPer bushel of 22 lbs1.05
9.BrownstuffGoodPer bushel of 28 lbs1.35
10.ShipstuffGoodPer bushel of 37 lbs2.10
11.BaconGoodHog-roundPer pound2.75
12.Pork—saltGoodPer pound2.30
13.Pork—fresh, fat and goodGoodPer pound, net weight1.82
14.LardGoodPer pound.2.75
15.Horses and mulesFirst-class artillery, &c, average price per head800.00
16.WoolFair or merinoWashedPer pound8.00
17.WoolFair or merinoUnwashedPer pound6.00
18.PeasGoodPer bushel5.00
19.BeansGoodPer bushel5.00
20.PotatoesGoodIrishPer bushel4.00
21.PotatoesGoodSweetPer bushel4.00
22.OnionsGoodPer bushel8.00
23.Dried peachesGoodPealedPer bushel8.00
24.Dried peachesGoodUnpeeledPer bushel4.50
25.Dried applesGoodPealedPer bushel5.00
26.Hay, baledGoodTimothy or cloverPer 100 pounds3.90
27.Hay, baledGoodOrchard or herdagrassPer 100 pounds3.90
28.Hay, unbaledGoodOrchard or herdagrassPer 100 pounds3.00
29.Sheaf oats, baledGoodPer 100 pounds5.25
30.Sheaf oats, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds4.75
31.Blade fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds3.90
32.Blade fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds3.00
33.Shucks, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.60
34.Shucks, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.70
35.Wheat straw, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.20
36.Wheat straw, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.30
37.PasturageGoodInteriorPer head per month3.00
38.PasturageSuperiorInteriorPer head per month4.00
39.PasturageFirst-rateInteriorPer head per month5.00
40.PasturageGoodNear citiesPer head per month5.00
41.PasturageSuperiorNear citiesPer head per month6.00
42.PasturageFirst-rateNear citiesPer head per month7.00
43.SaltGoodPer bushel of 50 lbs5.00
44.ScapGoodPer pound1.00
45.CandlesGoodTallowPer pound3.00
46.VinegarGoodCiderPer gallon2.00
47.WhiskeyGoodTradePer gallon10.00
48.SugarGoodBrownPer pound3.00
49.MolassesGoodNew OrleansPer gallon25.00
50.RiceGoodPer pound50
51.CoffeeGoodRioPer pound3.00
52.TeaGoodTradePer pound7.00
53.VinegarGoodManufacturedPer gallon1.00
54.Pig ironGoodNo. 1 qualityPer ton350.00
55.Pig ironGoodNo. 2 qualityPer ton314.00
56.Pig ironGoodNo. 3 qualityPer ton278.00
57.Bloom ironGoodPer ton710.00
58.Smith's ironGoodRound plate and barPer ton1,030.00
59.Railroad ironServiceablePer ton400.00
60.LeatherGoodHarnessPer pound3.90
61.LeatherGoodSolePer pound3.60
62LeatherGoodUpperPer pound4.20
63.Beef cattleGoodGross weightPer 100 pounds30.00
64.Beef cattleSuperiorGross weightPer 100 pounds35.00
65.Beef cattleFirst-rateGross weightPer 100 pounds40.00
66.Salt beefGoodNet per pound1.50
67.SheepFairPer head35.00
68.Army woolen cloth, ¾ yardGoodTen ounces per yardPer yard10.00
69.Army woolen cloth, ¾ yardGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
70.Army woolen cloth, 6-4 yard.GoodTwenty ounces per yard.Per yard10.00
71.Army woolen cloth, 6-4 yardGoodPro rata as to greater or lessWidth or weight
72.Flannels, ¾GoodSix ounces per yardPer yard4.00
73.Cotton shirting, ¾Good4½ yards to the poundPer yard1.11
74.Cotton shirting, ⅞Good3¾ yards to the poundPer yard1.35
75.Cotton sheetings, 4-4Good3 yards to the poundPer yard1.75
76.Cotton osnaburgs, ¾Good6 ounces per yardPer yard1.50
77.Cotton osnaburgs, ⅞Good8 ounces per yardPer yard1.93
78.Cotton fent clothsGood10 ounces to the yardPer yard2.53
79.On the above-enumerated cotton cloths, pro rata as to greater or less width or weight.
80.Army shoesGoodPer pair$5.00
81.Shoe threadGoodPer pound3.00
82.Wool socks for menGoodPer pair2.00
83.Corn-top fodder, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
84.Corn-top fodder, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
85.Wheatchaff, baledGoodPer 100 pounds2.40
86.Wheatchaff, unbaledGoodPer 100 pounds1.50
87.Serghum molassesFirst qualityPer gallon8.00
88.Pasturage for sheepInteriorPer head40
89.Pasturage for sheepSuperiorInteriorPer head50
90.Pasturage for sheepFirst-rateInteriorPer head60
91.Apple brandyGoodPer gallon10.00
92.Peach brandyGoodPer gallon10.00

In assessing the value of first-class artillery and wagon horses and mules at eight hundred dollars, we designed that the term should be accepted and acted upon according to its obvious common sense import. In other words, that they should be selected and then impressed accordingly as their working qualities and adaptation to army service, together with their intrinsic value, would warrant a judicious purchaser in considering them as coming within the contemplation of the Commissioners when they assessed the average value of such horses as the Government needed at eight hundred dollars. But cases might arise, however, when the public exigencies would be so urgent as to demand that all horses at hand should be impressed. —Yet, under ordinary circumstances, when family or extra blooded horses, or brood mares of admitted high value, are impressed, we respectfully suggest to the Secretary of War to have instructions forwarded to the impressing officers to propose and allow the owners to substitute in their stead such strong, sound and serviceable horses or mules as shall be considered and valued by competent and disinterested parties as first-class artillery horses or first-class wagon mules.

The term average value per head is in contradistinction to a fixed and uniform price for each horse or mule. We supposed that, in impressing a number of horses or mules, whether owned by several persons or one individual, some might be estimated at $600, and others at different advanced rates, according to their worth, up as high as $1,000—thus making an average value or price for a number of good, sound and efficient horses or mules, $800 each.

In illustration of our views, we will add that a horse with only one eye sound might, in all other respects, be classed as a first-class artillery horse, yet the loss of one eye would justly and considerably curtail his value. So a horse from ten to eighteen years of age might be deemed in all other particulars as a first-class artillery horse, but, of course, however efficient and able to render good service for a year or two, yet his advanced age would justly and materially impair his value. Any horse, however he may approximate the standard of a first- class artillery horse, must, according to deficiencies, fall below the maximum price; and as few, comparatively, come up to the standard, and are therefore entitled to the maximum price, so, of course, in all other instances the price should be proportionately reduced as imperfections place them below the standard of first-class, &c.

The first quality of Sorghum Molasses is the consistency of honey and free from all acidity to the taste. But second and inferior qualities of molasses should be reduced in price from ten to twenty per cent., accordingly as they fall below the standard of first quality.

SCHEDULE B.
HIRE OF LABOR, TEAMS, WAGONS AND DRIVERS.

No.LABOR.QUAN'TY AND TIME.PRICES
1.Baling long foragePer 100 pounds$90
2.Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by GovernmentPer 56 pounds05
3.HaulingPer cwt. per mile08
4.Hauling grainPer bushel per mile04
5.Hire of two-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
6.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day5.00
7.Hire of four-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
8.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day6.50
9.Hire of six-horse team, wagon and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day16.00
10.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day8.00
11.Hire of laborer, rations furnished by ownerPer day2.50
12.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day1.50
13.Hire of same, rations and clothing furnished by ownerPer month50.00
14.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer month30.00
15.Hire of teamsters, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer month40.00
16.Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by the GovernmentPer year300.00
17.Hire of laborer, clothing and rations furnished by ownerPer year550.00
18.Hire of laborer, rations only furnished by the GovernmentPer year400.00
19.Hire of ox-carts, team and driver, rations furnished by ownerPer day10.00
20.Hire of same, rations furnished by the GovernmentPer day5.00

REVISION OF THE SCHEDULES OF FEBRUARY AND MARCH LAST.

Since the adoption of our last Schedule, for the months of February and March, the financial bills passed by Congress taxing the currency have seriously impaired the value of the old issues of Confederate Treasury notes. At this juncture, large numbers of horses and mules were impressed and paid for in a currency which was, in a few days thereafter, to be taxed thirty- three and one-third per cent.

The Board of State Commissioners having adjourned, and one of its members losing out of the State, it could not be convened in time to review our schedule of prices. Under this state of facts, we have re-examined and re-arranged our tariff of prices so far as we have been advised of recent impressments, proposing, in this mode, to remedy any diminution of valuation which may have resulted from the action of Congress upon the currency. Therefore we asses the average value of artillery or wagon horses or mules impressed since the passage of the currency bill, of the 17th of February last, at six hundred dollars.—This award will entitle each person to receive higher compensation accordingly as each horse or mule recently impressed may be considered as being a first, second, or third-class artillery or wagon horse or mule, whether the parties appeal to our Board or not; and the impressing officers and agents should forthwith

call on all those persons of whom they impressed horses or mules and propose a accruement upon the foregoing basis; but allowing to each person only such prices as first, second and third- class artillery or wagon horses or mules may have been estimated at by the local or county appraisers, assuming our average appraisement of six hundred dollars as a fair medium valuation. This, then, would allow a maximum price of eight hundred dollars, and a minimum price of four hundred dollars, making six hundred dollars the average price—thus allowing more for first-class horses or mules and proportionately less for the inferior as they may fall below the grade of first-class. The county appraisement will be the guide in making these settlements, but within the limits of our maximum price of eight hundred dollars and our minimum price of four hundred dollars. This plan would perhaps be most satisfactory to the people. For whatever price the county appraisers agreed upon should be deemed fair within the range of our minimum price of four hundred dollars and our maximum price of eight hundred dollars; payment of whatever amount awarded to be made in the new issue of Treasury notes.

The impressing officers in those instances where there were no arbitrators or local appraisements for horses or mules impressed, should, in all such cases, themselves re-estimate the value of horses or mules thus impressed, and allow in each case such additional compensation as would, within the limits of our schedule rates, appear just and proper. But if, after this revaluation and settlement, any person should not be satisfied, the party could then appeal to our Board and have the case reconsidered.

In conclusion, it is proper to add that Mr. William B. Harrison was invited to aid us, and that the foregoing schedule received the unanimous approval of the Board of Commissioners.

E. W. HUBARD,
ROBERT GIBBONEY,
WILLIAM B. HARRISON,
Commissioners of Appraisement for the State of Virginia.
Per order.
[Signed] S. COOPER,
Adjutant and Inspector-General.
Official: John A. Withers, Assistant Adjutant-General.

All appeals and communications should be addressed (post paid) to Mr. D. K. WHITAKER, Secretary of the Board, box 995, Richmond post-office, Virginia, and who may be consulted at his office in the department of the Quartermaster-General. The next meeting of the Board will be held on the first week of NEXT DECEMBER in the city of Richmond.

oc 27—6t

In this column are pieces from the Daily Dispatch that best exemplified this topic; i.e. they had the highest topic proportions in this category. The pie chart to the right of each piece identifies the specific topic proportion for "trade in the piece." You can view the complete topic proportion breakdown for an individual piece by clicking on the title. The handle slider handle on the bottom left of the chart can be adjusted to view articles and advertisements best exemplifying this topic for particular months.